What is Kanha?

The Kanha National Park is located in the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. Also known as the Kanha Tiger Reserve, it is one of the largest tiger sanctuaries in India and the largest national park in the state.

Kanha was deemed a national park in June of 1955 and received the status of tiger reserve in 1973. Currently, it is amongst the Top 10 Famous Places for Tourists in India.

Where is Kanha?

The entire wildlife sanctuary is further divided into Banjar and Hallon, which measure around 300 sq km and 250 sq km, respectively. The main Kanha National Park is spread over an immense 940 sq km and also consists of around 1,065 sq km of buffer zone and around 110 sq km of the Phen Sanctuary. This makes it the biggest national park in the central Indian region. Overall, the Kanha National Park and Tiger Reserve is spread over an expansive 1945 sq km of the central Indian region.

The northern limits of this huge national park are by the Maikal Hills of the Satpura Range. It covers two districts of Madhya Pradesh, namely Balaghat and Mandala.

What is interesting about Kanha?

As the Kanha National Park is also one of the several Tiger Reserves under the Project Tiger initiative of Indian government, the Royal Bengal Tiger is the star attraction here. Apart from the tiger, there are also numerous species of mammals, reptiles and birds found here, making it a paradise for nature lovers.

Flora in Kanha National Park

There are over an estimated 1,000 different species of flowering plants in the forest of Kanha National Park. The lowland area mostly consists of Sal tree and other varieties of trees, spread around meadows. The forest in the highlands is mostly of the tropical moist-dry deciduous type but also has bamboo groves interspersed on the slopes of the hills.

A common flora in the Kanha Tiger Reserve is the Indian Ghost Tree which is spotted easily in the dense forest.

Fauna in Kanha National Park

In terms of wildlife, Kanha National Park and Tiger Reserve has the Royal Bengal Tiger population in large numbers.

Some of the most popular Bengal Tigers in the Kanha Tiger Reserve are:

  • Bheema
  • Neelam
  • Bheem
  • Munna
  • Mahavir (male)
  • Mahavir (female)
  • Red Eye

Apart from the tigers, Kanha National Park is home to numerous other wild animals, including:

  • Indian leopard
  • Wild Cat
  • Wild Dog
  • Jackal
  • Fox
  • Swamp Deer
  • Gaur
  • Spotted Deer
  • Barking Deer
  • Sambhar
  • Four-Horned Antelope
  • Mouse Deer
  • Blackbuck
  • Nilgai
  • Indian Wolf
  • Sloth Bear
  • Striped Hyena
  • Wild Boars
  • Langur Monkey
  • Rhesus Macaque
  • Jungle cat
  • Porcupine
  • Civet
  • Honey Badger
  • Hare

Avian life in Kanha National Park

Kanha National Park and Tiger Reserve is home to around 300 different species of birds, including:

  • Bee-Eater
  • Blossom-Headed Parakeet
  • Drongo
  • Crested-Serpent Eagle
  • Indian Roller
  • Pied Hornbill
  • Paradise Flycatcher
  • Indian Peafowl
  • Red Jungle Fowl
  • White-Breasted Kingfisher
  • Wood Shrikes
  • Ibis

Reptilian life in Kanha National Park

Kanha National Park also hosts numerous types of reptiles, including:

  • Indian Cobra
  • Indian Python
  • Rat Snake
  • Viper
  • Grass Snake
  • Keel-back
  • Turtle

Best time to visit Kanha National Park

To be able to spot maximum numbers of wild animals on your trip to Kanha National Park, travel experts advise that the best time is between the months of February and June. As the weather is considerably hot, the wildlife is mostly seen frequenting the numerous watering holes spread over the entire wildlife reserve.

Safari activities and timing

To witness the truly wonderful jungle-life of the Kanha National Park and Tiger Reserve, safari tours in jeeps are organized daily by the park authorities.

Choose between these two times to ensure that you don’t miss out on the wonderful safari tours of Kanha National Park:

  • Morning trip – 6:30 a.m. to 11:00 a.m.
  • Afternoon trip – 3:00 p.m. to 6:00 p.m.

How to reach Kanha National Park

By Flight – The closest airport to the park is the Jabalpur Airport, which is at a distance of around 175 km. You will be able to reach the park gates with a road journey of around 4 to 5 hours.

By Train – The nearest railway station to the park is the Jabalpur Railway Station, at around 180 km. It will take another 4 to 5 hours by road to reach the park gates.

By Road – The nearest embarking point for visitors to reach the park by road is the Mandla Bus Stand. From here, you can take the dedicated tourist taxi service which plies between Mandla and the park gates.

Safety precautions

The Kanha National Park and Tiger Reserve is one of the most peaceful wildlife sanctuaries in India. To ensure that you are able to enjoy its beauty and wonderful wildlife there are certain precautions and regulations you will need to follow.

It goes without saying that loud noises and voices will disturb the wildlife around and prevent you and others from spotting it. Always keep calm and be quiet on the jungle safari. You are not allowed to disembark from the safari vehicle when inside the national park, for any reason at all.

Do not litter inside the national park and help to keep the wildlife sanctuary clean from pollution of all kinds.

Ensure that you wear long-sleeved clothing, with multiple layers preferably, to avoid insect bites and also to protect against the chill which is felt in the early morning and early evening times in the forest.

Book a Trip

Choose Waghobanagari now to book your trip to the Kanha National Park and Tiger Reserve. With us, you are assured of the most convenient and efficient trip to the wildlife reserve and can make the most memorable trip of your life.